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Раздел 2. Чтение (2012)

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Раздел 2. Чтение


Установите соответствие между заголовками 1–8 и текстами A–G. Занесите свои ответы в таблицу. Используйте каждую цифру только один раз. В задании один заголовок лишний.

1. Travel memories
5. Popular hobby
2. Animal lover magazine
6. Family magazine
3. Travel to stars
7. People and nature
4. Star dreams
8. Animals in danger

A. Most people who spend a holiday travelling take a camera with them and
photograph anything that interests them – sights of a city, views of mountains,
lakes, waterfalls, men and women, children, ruins of ancient buildings, and
even birds and animals. Later looking through their albums they will remember
the happy time they have had, the islands, countries and cities they have seen.

B. Of course, different people dream of different things. Someone wishes a calm
and quiet life; others imagine their life as a never-ending adventure. The
majority dream of something concrete: a villa in some warm place, an account
in a Swiss bank, a splendid car… It’s interesting to know what the dreams of
people who already have all this are. Celebrities, as we know, never hide their
unusual hobbies, and often shock us with their extravagant behaviour.

C. It is Junior Baseball Magazine’s mission to provide information that enhances
the youth baseball experience for the entire family. The player improves his
skills and is more successful. The family enjoys the activity more and shares
this precious time in their life. Junior Baseball emphasizes good sportsmanship,
safety, physical fitness and wholesome family values.

D. The seas are in danger. They are filled with poison like industrial, nuclear and
chemical waste. The Mediterranean Sea is already nearly dead; the North Sea is
following it. The Aral Sea is on the brink of extinction. If nothing is done about
it, one day nothing will be able to live in the seas. Every ten minutes one
species of animal, plant or insect dies out forever.

E. Lots of people all over the world enjoy collecting stamps. Stamps are like little
pictures. Very often they show the flowers or the trees which grow in this or
that country, or they can show different kinds of transport of the country.
Stamps may also have portraits of famous people on them. Some stamps show
art work from the history of the country.

F. “Friend” is the title of my favourite magazine. It consists of 70 pages, with lots
of colourful and bright pictures and provides interesting and useful information
for people who love animals. The magazine includes numerous articles devoted
to various topics connected with domestic animals, ways to take care of them,
pet food, animal health and many other topics crucial for any animal lover.

G. People are beginning to realize that environmental problems are not just
somebody else’s. Many people join and support various international
organizations and green parties. Human life is the most important, and polluted
air, poisoned water, wastelands, noise, smoke, gas, exhaust all influence not
only nature but people themselves. Everything should be done to improve
ecological conditions on our planet.

A B C D E F G

Прочитайте текст и заполните пропуски A–F частями предложений, обозначенными цифрами 1–7. Одна из частей в списке 1–7 лишняя.
Занесите цифры, обозначающие соответствующие части предложений, в таблицу.


Mobile phones

On New Year’s Day, 1985, Michael Harrison phoned his father, Sir Ernest, to wish him a happy new year. Sir Ernest was chairman of Racal Electronics, the owner of Vodafone, A _______________________.

At the time, mobile phones weighed almost a kilogram, cost several
thousand pounds and provided only 20 minutes talktime. The networks themselves
were small; Vodafone had just a dozen masts covering London. Nobody had any
idea of the huge potential of wireless communication and the dramatic impact
B _______________________.


Hardly anyone believed there would come a day when mobile phones were
so popular C _______________________. But in 1999 one mobile phone was sold
in the UK every four seconds, and by 2004 there were more mobile phones in the
UK than people. The boom was a result of increased competition which pushed
prices lower and created innovations in the way that mobiles were sold.
When the government introduced more competition, companies started
cutting prices to attract more customers. Cellnet, for example, changed its prices,
D _______________________. It also introduced local call tariffs.

The way that handsets themselves were marketed was also changing and it
was Finland’s Nokia who made E _______________________. In the late 1990s
Nokia realized that the mobile phone was a fashion item: so it offered
interchangeable covers which allowed you to customize and personalize your
handset.

The mobile phone industry has spent the later part of the past decade reducing its
monthly charge F _______________________, which has culminated in the fight
between the iPhone and a succession of touch screen rivals.


1. trying to persuade people to do more with their phones than just call and text
2. that there would be more phones in the UK than there are people
3. and relying instead on actual call charges
4. that mobile phones would have over the next quarter century
5. the leap from phones as technology to phones as fashion items
6. and his son was making the first-ever mobile phone call in the UK
7. the move to digital technology, connecting machines to wireless networks


A B C D E F

Прочитайте текст и выполните задания А15–А21. В каждом задании обведите цифру 1, 2, 3 или 4, соответствующую выбранному Вами варианту ответа.


Llandudno

Llandudno is truly a fine and handsome place, built on a generously proportioned
bay and lined along its broad front with a huddle of prim but gracious
nineteenth-century hotels that reminded me in the fading light of a lineup of
Victorian nannies. Llandudno was purpose-built as a resort in the mid-1800s,
and it cultivates a nice old-fashioned air. I don’t suppose that Lewis Carroll, who
famously strolled this front with little Alice Liddell in the 1860s, would notice a
great deal of change today.
To my consternation, the town was packed with weekending pensioners.
Buses from all over were parked along the side streets, every hotel I called at was
full, and in every dining room I could see crowds – veritable oceans – of
nodding white heads spooning soup and conversing happily. Goodness knows
what had brought them to the Welsh seaside at this bleak time of year.
Farther on along the front there stood a clutch of guesthouses, large and
virtually indistinguishable, and a few of them had vacancy signs in their windows.
I had eight or ten to choose from, which always puts me in a mild fret because I
have an unerring instinct for choosing badly. My wife can survey a row of
guesthouses and instantly identify the one run by a white-haired widow with a
fondness for children, and sparkling bathroom facilities, whereas I can generally
count on choosing the one run by a guy with a grasping manner, and the sort of
cough that makes you wonder where he puts the phlegm. Such, I felt, would be the
case tonight.
All the guesthouses had boards out front listing their many amenities –
COLOUR TV, HOSPITALITY TRAYS, FULL CENTRAL HEATING, and the coyly
euphemistic EN SUITE ALL ROOMS, meaning private bathrooms. One place offered
satellite TV and a trouser press, and another boasted CURRENT FIRE
CERTIFICATE – something I had never thought to look for in a B&B. All this
heightened my sense of unease and doom. How could I possibly choose intelligently
among such a variety of options?
I selected a place that looked reasonable enough from the outside – its
board promised a color TV and coffee making facilities, about all I require these
days for a Saturday night – but from the moment I set foot in the door I knew it
was a bad choice. I was about to turn and flee when the owner emerged from a
back room and stopped my retreat with an unenthusiastic “Yes?” A short
conversation revealed that a single room with breakfast was for £19.50. It was
entirely out of the question that I would stay the night in such a dismal place at
such an exorbitant price, so I said, “That sounds fine,” and signed in. Well, it’s
so hard to say no.
My room was everything I expected it to be – cold and cheerless with
laminated furniture, grubbily matted carpet, and those mysterious ceiling stainsthat bring to mind a neglected corpse in the room above. There was a tray of
coffee things but the cups were disgusting, and the spoon was stuck to the tray.
The bathroom, faintly illuminated by a distant light activated by a length of string,
had curling floor tiles and years of accumulated dirt packed into every corner.
I peered at the yellowy tile around the bath and sink and realized what the
landlord did with his phlegm. A bath was out of the question, so I threw some
cold water on my face, dried it with a towel that had the texture of shredded
wheat, and gladly took my leave.


А 15. Llandudno is described as a
1) fashionable 19th century resort.
2) beautiful growing resort.
3) place where Lewis Carroll lived.
4) place famous for its comfortable hotels.

А16. The phrase “veritable oceans” in paragraph 2 refers to
1) hotel dining rooms.
2) hotel guests wearing white hats.
3) old people dining in cafes.
4) buses crowded with old Welsh people.

А17. When choosing a guesthouse the narrator was worried because he
1) wasn’t good at making the right choice.
2) could not find a place run by a kind old widow.
3) did not know what to look for.
4) missed his wife for help.

А18. The narrator thought that the choice of a guesthouse used to be easier because
1) all hotels had a private bathroom.
2) there were fewer options on offer.
3) there were fewer guest houses.
4) they were all of B&B type.

А19. Why did the narrator agree to the room?
1) He felt sorry for the landlord.
2) He could not refuse the offer.
3) It was really cheap.
4) There was a TV and a coffee maker.

А 20. Why was the bath out of the question?
1) The water was too cold.
2) There was no hot water.
3) The bathtub was dirty.
4) There was no light.

А 21. What is the narrator’s attitude towards the room he stayed in?
1) Surprised.
2) Indifferent.
3) Positive.
4) Critical.

По окончании выполнения заданий В2, В3 и А15–А21 не забудьте перенести свои ответы в бланк ответов № 1! Обратите внимание, что ответы на задания В2, В3, А15–А21 располагаются в разных частях бланка. При
переносе ответов в заданиях В2 и В3 цифры записываются без пробелов и знаков препинания.

 

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