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The Present Perfect. Настоящее совершенное время

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Образование форм

1. утвердительной

Subject
Подлежащее
HAVE Past Participle
3-я форма глагола
I have arrived
eaten
You have arrived
eaten
He has arrived
eaten
She has arrived
eaten
It has arrived
eaten
We have arrived
eaten
They have arrived
eaten

2. отрицательной

Subject
Подлежащее
HAVE Past Participle
3-я форма глагола
I have not
(haven't)
arrived
eaten
You have not
(haven't)
arrived
eaten
He has not
(hasn't)
arrived
eaten
She has not
(hasn't)
arrived
eaten
It has not
(hasn't)
arrived
eaten
We have not
(haven't)
arrived
eaten
They have not
(haven't)
arrived
eaten

3. вопросительной

Have Subject
Подлежащее
Past Participle
3-я форма глагола
Have I arrived
eaten
Have you arrived
eaten
Has he arrived
eaten
Has she arrived
eaten
Has it arrived
eaten
Have we arrived
eaten
Have they arrived
eaten

Использование

1) Result of an action in the past is important in the present

Выражает действие, законченное в прошлом, но связанное с настоящим моментом через результат.

I have cleaned my room.

2) Recently completed action

Только что закончившееся действие

He has just played handball.

3) Action beginning in the past and still continuing

Действие, которое началось в прошлом и всё ещё продолжается ( с глаголами, которые не употребляются в Continuous).

We have lived in Canada since 1986.

4) together with lately, recently, yet

Выражает действие, которое уже закончилось, но период времени, в котором оно происходило ещё продолжается.

I have been to London recently.

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