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The Present Perfect Continuous. Настоящее совершенное продолженное время

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Образование форм

1. утвердительной

Subject
Подлежащее
HAVE BEEN Present Participle
-ing форма
I have been arriving
eating
You have been arriving
eating
He has been arriving
eating
She has been arriving
eating
It has been arriving
eating
We have been arriving
eating
They have been arriving
eating

2. отрицательной

Subject
Подлежащее
HAVE BEEN Present Participle
-ing форма
I haven't been arriving
eating
You haven't been arriving
eating
He hasn't been arriving
eating
She hasn't been arriving
eating
It hasn't been arriving
eating
We haven't been arriving
eating
They haven't been arriving
eating

3. вопросительной

HAVE SubjectПодлежащее BEEN Present Participle
-ing форма
Have I been arriving
eating
Have you been arriving
eating
Has he/she/it been arriving
eating
Have we been arriving
eating
Have they been arriving
eating

Употребление

1) Actions beginning in the past and still continuing (focus is on the action) - mostly with since (point of time) or for (period of time)

Описывает действие, которое началось в прошлом, длилось какое-то время и продолжается в момент речи

I have been waiting for you for three hours. (It was a long time.)

(действие началось 3 часа назад, продолжалось до момента речи)

2) Recently completed actions (focus is on the action)

Употребляется для того, чтобы показать, что длительное действие только что закончилось и определённым образом связано с настоящей ситуацией, может её объяснить.

She has been watching too many videos. (It was too much time.)

Why are you so hot?- I’ve been running all the way.

Примечание:

• на русский переводится настоящим временем

• в придаточных предложениях после союза since употребляется Past Simple

He has been playing football well since he began to train every day.

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