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The Past Perfect. Прошедшее совершенное время

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Образование форм

1. утвердительной

Subject
Подлежащее
HAD Past Participle
3-я форма глагола
I had arrived
eaten
You had arrived
eaten
He had arrived
eaten
She had arrived
eaten
It had arrived
eaten
We had arrived
eaten
They had arrived
eaten

2. отрицательной

Subject
Подлежащее
HAD Past Participle
3-я форма глагола
I had not
(hadn't)
arrived
eaten
You had not
(hadn't)
arrived
eaten
He had not
(hadn't)
arrived
eaten
She had not
(hadn't)
arrived
eaten
It had not
(hadn't)
arrived
eaten
We had not
(hadn't)
arrived
eaten
They had not
(hadn't)
arrived
eaten

3. вопросительной

HAD Subject
Подлежащее
Past Participle
3-я форма глагола
Had I arrived
eaten
Had you arrived
eaten
Had he arrived
eaten
Had she arrived
eaten
Had it arrived
eaten
Had we arrived
eaten
Had they arrived
eaten

Употребление

1) together with the Simple Past

Для выражения действий, которые были закончены к определённому моменту в прошлом.

Mary had read the book before she watched a film.

2) the past equivalent of the Present Perfect

Как эквивалент Present Perfect, чаще всего в косвенной речи.

He had played hockey.

Peter said he had bought the sweets the day before yesterday.

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